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IGUASSU FALLS

Hotels in Iguacu Falls

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One of the most important tourist sights in Brazil, the Cataracts of Iguassu. Listed by UNESCO as a Natural Heritage of Humanity, the subtropical forests of the Park includes a very rich flora and fauna. The town of Foz do Iguassu is situated on the frontier of Brazil with Paraguay and Argentina.

 


General Info

TELEPHONE AREA CODE: 045/

CLIMATE: Most of the year the weather is hot and humid in the region. Temperatures may reach 30oC and over in any month of the year. In June and July (winter) it can be very cold, temperatures can drop to 5oC but keep on the average to 20oC.

CLOTHING: In such weather, clothes must be light, comfortable and easy to wash. Don't forget swimming suits, as there will be opportunities to get a golden tropical tan (even if you cannot swim). In winter be sure to take a warm sweater.

ELECTRICITY:110 V

AIRPORT
Rodovia das Cataratas, Km 16
Tel: 574-1744 (General information)

DISTANCES FROM FOZ DE IGUASSU ( DOWNTOWN )
Airport - 15Km.
Ciudad Del Este (Paraguay) - 7Km.
Ecomuseum - 11Km.
Friendship Bridge - 6Km.
Furnas-Hydroeletric Energy Company - 14Km.
Itaipu Dam - 12Km.
National Park (Brazilian) - 19Km.
Puerto Iguassu - 10Km.
Macuco Safari - 23Km.
Tancredo Neves Bridge - 8Km.
The Falls (Argentinian Side) - 29Km.
The Falls (Brazilian Side) - 28Km.
Three Frontiers landmark - 6Km.
Wanda Mines - 45Km.

TAXIS
Foz de Iguassu is a spread-out town. Some hotels are quite far from the center and distances between points of interest can be considerable. Taxis are available in the town centre or outside hotels. Arrangements should be made previously if you wish to use taxis outside the centre.


History

The biggest tourist attraction in the South of Brazil, the Iguassu Falls were discovered in 1542 by the Spaniard Alvaro Nunes.
The first settlers in Parana came early in the sixteenth century, when various expeditions entered the region in search of hardwoods. In the seventeenth century, Portuguese settlers from Sao Paulo occupied the region in search of gold and forced the indians to work on the plantations. The search for minerals was, however, relegated to second place by the settlers, who migrated in greater numbers to the territory of Minas Gerais. Until the eighteenth century Curitiba and Paranagua were the only two towns in this region. This process delayed considerably any large scale occupation of the area, which was formed until the middle nineteenth century by part of the Province of Sao Paulo. Its economy at that time was mainly based on cattle raising. In 1853, with the autonomy of the State, an official programme was created to encourage European immigration. The european immigrants that went to that area were mainly from Poland, Germany and Italy.

The 'Contestado' War - Between the years of 1912 and 1916, about 50.000 people were involved on a peasant rebellion that took place in the borders of the States of Parana and Santa Catarina.. The establishment in the area of two american companies for the construction of railroads and for exploitation of timber was the cause for the conflict. Those companies brought new labour force to work for them and consequently began to expell local workers. This generated a movement of religious fanatism, led by local "saints". The most famous of them was Jose Maria, who attracted a group of followers expelled from their lands.



The City

Foz do Iguassu - One of the most important tourist sights in Brazil, the Cataracts of Iguassu are formed by 275 separate waterfallls, ranging in height from 40 metres to more than 100 metres, in the shape of a horseshoe measuring 950 metres on the frontier with Argentina. The falls are within Iguassu National Park, which was established in 1939 and was listed by UNESCO as a Natural Heritage of Humanity in 1986. Of the total area of the Park, 185,000 hectares are on the Brazilian side and 55,000 hectares in Argentina. The subtropical forests of the Park shelter around 1,100 species of birds, as well as various kinds of mammals, such as deer, capibara etc.
The town of Foz do Iguassu is situated on the frontier of Brazil with Paraguay and Argentina at an altitude of 164 metres above sea level. At the junction of the Iguassu and Parana rivers and the entrance to Porto Meira, nine kilometres from the centre of the town, is the point where the frontiers of Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay meet. Within the municipal area of Foz do Iguassu there is also the Itaipu Binational Dam. Its construction has resulted in the formation of a lake 1,300 kilometres in circumference and of great touristic potential. The Dam and Power Station were started in 1975, finished in 1991, and have the capacity to generate some 12,6 million KW of energy.

From being just a small town only a decade ago, Foz de Iguassu has developed into an important centre. The transformation has come about largely as a result of tourism - thanks to the Iguassu Falls.


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